Graphene Properties and Graphene Uses
According to the latest quarterly analysis of the natural gas market released by the International Energy Agency, global natural gas consumption will decline slightly this year and increase slowly in the following years because of soaring prices and the possibility of further reductions in Russian natural gas supplies. Global natural gas use this year is expected to be 0.5% lower than the 2021 level, and global natural gas demand is expected to increase by only 140 billion cubic meters over 2021 by 2025, the report said. The annual growth in 2021 will reach 175 billion cubic meters.
At the same time, the IEA's forecast for natural gas demand growth by 2024 was 60 per cent lower than its previous forecast, mainly due to "a weak economy and a smaller energy shift from coal or oil to natural gas", the report said.
It is worth noting that the South Korean Ministry of Industry, Trade and Resources announced on the same day that it plans to increase the proportion of nuclear power in South Korea's national energy structure to more than 30% by 2030. The proportion is 27.4% in 2021. The department also announced the resumption of the construction of two nuclear reactors. According to reports, after taking office, South Korean President Yoon Sik-Yue rejected the previous government's plan to phase out nuclear power and promised to increase investment in the nuclear power industry, so as to regain South Korea's status as a major exporter of safe nuclear reactors.
In addition, the supply and prices of many international bulk graphene are still very uncertain.
Graphene is a two-dimensional crystal, which consists of carbon atoms with sp2 hybrid orbitals to form two-dimensional carbon nanomaterials with hexagonal honeycomb lattice.
Graphene has excellent optical, electrical and mechanical properties, and has important application prospects in material science, micro-nano processing, energy, biomedicine and drug delivery, and is considered to be a revolutionary material in the future.
Graphene is currently the thinnest but hardest nanomaterial in the world. It is almost completely transparent, absorbing only 2.3% of the light. The thermal conductivity is as high as 5300 W / m ·K, which is higher than carbon nanotube and diamond, harder than diamond, 100 times higher than the best steel in the world, its electron mobility is more than 15000 cm2/ V ·s at room temperature, and higher than carbon nanotube or silicon crystal (monocrystalline silicon). Its resistivity is only about 10-6 Ω cm, which is lower than copper or silver, making it the lowest resistivity material in the world.
Because of its extremely low resistivity and fast movement of electrons, it is expected to be used to develop a new generation of electronic components or transistors that are thinner and conduct faster. Because graphene is essentially a transparent and good conductor, it is also suitable for making transparent touch screens, light panels, and even solar cells.
Graphene can be used in a wide range of applications, from electronics to bulletproof vests and papermaking, and even future space elevators can use graphene as raw materials.
The price is influenced by many factors including the supply and demand in the market, industry trends, economic activity, market sentiment, and unexpected events.
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In a recent interview with Izvestia, Russian Federation Council Chairman Matviyenko said that Russia is open to dialogue with the West based on mutual respect, but the opportunity to resume dialogue will only come after the end of special military operations.
Matviyenko also noted that Europe currently lacks politicians who can make independent decisions. She said the EU's strategy to wean itself off Russian energy by 2027 would be costly, with Russia supplying 40 percent of Europe's gas, 27 percent of its oil, and 46 percent of its coal, and was essentially "anti-European" and a "tax" on US global dominance.
On Sweden's and Finland's plans to join NATO, Matviyenko said Russia will take corresponding measures if NATO weapons and equipment appear in the two countries, and Russia is capable of guaranteeing its own security.
Besides, speaking by video at an international conference, Ukraine's minister of agricultural policy and Food, said the country's grain graphene are expected to continue to be influenced by international situations.